Sow Seeds 0.5-1 cm deep
Space Plants 50-80 cm apart
Start Seeds 26-29 C
Most pepper seeds sprout in about a week at a temperature of 26-29 degrees C., but germination can be spotty depending on the variety. To speed the process, place the seeds between damp sheets of paper towel, put them in a zippered plastic bag, and put the bag in a warm place. As soon as the pepper seeds sprout, carefully plant them in individual containers such as pea pots. When the first true leaves develop, move the plants to a sunny southern window until you can transplant them into the garden. Don’t set out your pepper transplants until night temperatures average 12-15 C. In cooler climates plant in a greenhouse or under a plastic cover.
Plant peppers in a bed that receives full sun. Provide a sandy loam soil that drains well and contains plenty of organic matter. Depending on the size of the pepper varieties planted, spacing should be 12-18 inches apart. Peppers can double as ornamentals, so tuck some into flowerbeds and borders. Most sweet peppers mature in 60-90 days; hot peppers can take up to 150 days. Keep in mind, however, that the number of days to maturity stated on the seed packet refers to the days after transplanting until the plant produces a full-sized fruit. You must add 8-10 weeks for the time between sowing and transplanting which means most of us will be starting pepper plants indoors as between February and early April.